Modifications to General Relativity
IF SPATIAL GRADIENTS SURROUND MASSES AS SIR ARTHUR EDDINGTON ASSERTED IN HIS EXPLANATION OF GENERAL RELATIVITY AND IF RECENT CALCULATIONS SHOWING THAT BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATES, FREE QUARKS IN COLLIDER EXPERIMENTS AND SPACE IN THE VICINITY OF EVENT HORIZONS OF BLACK HOLES BEHAVE AS LIQUIDS OR ETHERS ARE TRUE, AND IF THE HIGGS MECHANISM CAUSES MATTER TO INTERACT WITH A SPATIAL MEDIUM, THEN IT IS LIKELY THAT GRAVITATION CAUSES SPACE TO BOTH FORM GRADIENTS AND FLOW. THE COMBINED PROCESSES ARE DESCRIBABLE USING RIEMANNIAN MATH.
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SPATIAL GRADIENTS AND INFLOW
Dark shades represent higher density and light shades lower density. Arrows represent spatial flow resulting from the gradient.
Notice spatial flow speed speeds up as the mass is approached. Careful examination reveals the gradient itself is dynamic.
Both processes bend light.
MASS SINK AND FIELD DISPLACEMENT
Because of time delays, acceleration of either a mass (Case 1) or its field (Case 2) causes displacement between a mass and the field it generates.
The result is that a mass, driven by the Higgs mechanism, experiences a portion of its own field creating inertia.
Gravitation and inertia mass are tied to the same field, so both types of mass are the equivalent.
CONCEPTS AND LAYOUT
The Geometric interpretation of General Relativity asserts that mass warps space and space steers mass, but it fails to explain how mass causes the warping of space in the first place.
General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics appear to conflict with each other, although theorists in each field assume the other is fundamentally correct and that some way will be found to reconcile them.
The ideas developed below link less well known Newtonian ideas to those of Einstein, to Friedmann universes and to quantum mechanical principles, including the Higgs mechanism. At first blush the ideas may seem a radical departure from GR and QM, but they are really variations on common themes.
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Masses act as spatial sinks creating spatial density gradients and spatial inflow.
Falling light is constant. Rising light is retarded. Light following a geodesic at high elevations is faster than that following a geodesic at low elevations.
Inertia is the result of an accelerated particle experiencing a portion of its own gravitational field under the influence of the Higgs maechanism.
The Michelson-Morley experiment was incapable of addressing spatial drift.
Experiment supports the slowing of clocks in gravitational fields and with increased motion.
The shortening of rods has never been demonstrated. An alternative is proposed.
It is proposed that the velocity of falling light in a gravitational field is always measured as constant, while that of rising light is retarded as evidenced by the Shapiro time delay.
Geodesics at different elevations in a gravitational field will be measured as having different light velocities, with those at higher altitudes revealing faster light velocities.
It is proposed that tangential measurements of the velocity of light be made in orbit and on the surface of the earth and compared. It is also proposed that a radial measurement of rising light in orbit will show that it is retarded.
More details on the proposed experiment are found in Paper I or the preface.